Fund Manager : An employee of the asset management company such as a mutual fund or life insurer, who manages investments of the scheme. He is usually part of a larger team of fund managers and research analysts.
Application Amount for Fresh Subscription : This is the minimum investment amount for an existing investor in a mutual fund scheme.
Minimum Addition Amount : This is the minimum investment amount for an existing investor in a mutual fund scheme.
Yield to Maturity : The Yield to maturity or the YTM is the rate of return anticipated on a bond if held until maturity. YTM is expressed as an annual rate and time to maturity.
SIP : SIP or systematic investment plan works on the principle of making periodic investments of a fixed sum. It works similar to a recurring bank deposit. For instance and investor may opt for an SIP that invests Rs. 500 every 15th of the month in an equity fund for a period of three years.
NAV : The NAV or the net asset value is the total assets value per unit of the mutual fund after deducting all related and permissible expenses. The NAV is calculated at the end of every business day. It is the value at which the investor enters or exits the mutual fund
Benchmark : A group of securities, usually a market index, whose performance is used as a standard or benchmark to measure investment performance of mutual funds, among other investments. Some typical benchmarks include the Nifty, Sensex, BSE200, BSE500. 10-Year Gsec.
Entry Load : A Mutual fund may have a sales charge or load at the time of entry and/or exit to compensate the distributor/agent. Entry load is charged at the time an investor purchases the units of a mutual fund. The entry load is added to the prevailing NAV at the time of investment. For instance, if the NAV is Rs. 100 and the entry load is 1% the investor will enter the fund at Rs. 101
Exit Load : Exit load is charged at the time an investor redeems the units of a mutual fund. The exit load is reduced from the prevailing NAV at the time of redemption. The investor will receive redemption proceed at net value of NAV less Exit Load. For instance if the NAV is Rs.100 and the exit load is 1%, the investor will receive Rs.99. "Note: SEBI, vide circular dated June 30, 2009 has abolished entry load and mandated that the upfront commission to distributors will be paid by the investor directly to the distributor, based on his assessment of various factors including the service rendered by the distributor."
Modified Duration : Modified duration is the price sensitivity and the percentage change in price for a unit change yield
Standard Deviation: A statistical measure of the historical volatility of a Fund or portfolio. More generally, a measure of the extent to which numbers are spread around their average. Lower the measure, lesser the volatility of the returns of the Fund, The Standard Deviation has been computed by taking Daily returns of the Fund over the past three years.
Sharpe Ratio : The Sharpe Ratio, named after its founder, the Nobel Laureate William Sharpe, is a measure of risk-adjusted returns. It is calculated using standard deviation and excess return to determine reward per unit or risk.
Beta: A quantitative measure of the volatility of a given portfolio relative to the respective Benchmark. A Beta above 1 is more volatile than the Benchmark, while a Beta below 1 is less volatile. Beta is computed as 'Covariance of NAV returns vz Index Returns' divided by 'Variance of index returns' based on daily returns for the past three years.
AUM : AUM or assets under management refers to the recent / updated cumulative market value of investments managed by a mutual fund or any investment firm.
Holdings : The holdings or the portfolio is a mutual fund's latest or updated reported statement or investments/securities. These are usually displayed in terms of percentage to net assets or the rupee value or both. The objective is to give investors an idea of where their money is being invested by the fund manager.
Nature of Scheme : The investment objective and underlying investments determine the nature of the mutual fund scheme. For instance, a mutual fund that aims at generating capital appreciation by investing in preservation by investing in debt markets is a debt fund or income fund. Each of these categories may have subcategories.
Rating Profile : Mutual funds invest in securities after evaluating their creditworthiness as disclosed by the ratings. A depiction of the mutual fund in various investments based on their ratings becomes the rating profile of the fund. Typically, this is a feature of debt funds.
Overweight/Underweight : Indicates the Fund Managers' active decision to hold an overweight/underweight position relative to the Benchmark. Fund Managers seek to overweight certain positions they expect to outperform their Benchmark and underweight those they believe will underperform.
Macaulay Duration: The Macaulay duration is the weighted average term to maturity of the cash flows from a bond. The weight of each cash flow is determined by dividing the present value of the cash flow by the price. The Macaulay duration calculates the weighted average time before a bondholder would receive the bond's cash flows. The Macaulay duration of the portfolio is essentially an average of the duration of bonds within the portfolio, accounting for what percentage of the total portfolio each bond represents. The Macaulay duration of a zero-coupon bond would be equal to the bond's maturity.
Market Capitalizations: As per the SEBI circular SEBI/HO/IMD/DF3/CIR/P/2017/114 of Oct 06 2017 a definition has been provided of large cap, mid cap and small cap as follows.
a) Large Cap: 1st - 100th company in terms of full market capitalization
b) Mid Cap: 101st - 250th company in terms of full market capitalization
c) Small Cap: 251st company onwards in terms of full market capitalization.
Median Market Cap vs Weighted Average Market Cap: Median is a denoting the market capitalization value at the mid-point of cumulative weight. P/B : Price to Book | P/E : Price to Earnings | RoE : Return on Equity